Ames Header Image
Home Single CAMS Scientific Results IAU Meteor Data Center Meteorites of California
Mission statement - CAMS is an automated video surveillance of the night sky in search of meteor showers to validate the IAU Working List of Meteor Showers. [Contact]

Day-by-day tally

Meteorite falls:
Chelyabinsk fall (2013-02-15)
Novato fall (2012-10-17)
Sutter's Mill fall (2012-04-22)

eye Report visual accounts of fireball sighting here.

Report possible meteorite finds from Novato or Sutter's Mill:

California map of station locations.
map NZ
NewZealand map of station locations.
map NL
BeNeLux map of station locations.
map MA
Atlantic map of station locations.
map FL
Florida map of station locations.

Key Personnel:

Dr. Peter Jenniskens,
SETI Institute, Principal Investigator
[Career pages]

Peter S. Gural,
S.A.I.C., meteor detection algoritms

BCSI logo
Matt Day and Lorena Perez,
Border Collie Solutions, Inc., video surveillance

Rick Morales,
Fremont Peak Observatory

Bryant Grigsby,
CAMS station at Lick Observatory
[Career pages]

Jim Albers,
CAMS station Sunnyvale

Dave Samuels,
Single CAMS networks

Jeremie Vaubaillon,
Observatoire de Paris, France, Meteor stream dynamics modelling
[Career pages]

David Nesvorny,
SWRI, Boulder, zodiacal dust cloud modelling
[Career pages]

Carl Johannink,
Coordination BeNeLux network

FP - Fremont Peak Observatory:
LO - Lick Observatory:
SV - Sunnyvale:
LI - Lodi Clear Sky Clock:

News blog:

MMS launch

2015, March 26 - Jim Albers reports that the MMS Launch caused a luminous cloud following spacecraft separation of the Centaur upper stage that was imaged in two of the CAMS at Lick Observatory cameras. [ULA Press Kit]

2015, March 16 - Update: A better calibration of the Tehachapi observations of the slow moving CAMS detected fireball of 2015 Feb. 24 (12:59:36 UT) shows that the meteor was first seen at lat = +35.8627N, long = 119.26666W at 81.6 km altitude, and penetrated only down to 38.9 km altitude, where it was at lat = +35.8753N, long = 119.3842W and moved at about 10 km/s. It is unlikely that meteorites fell from this event.

2015, March 8 - Carl Johannink reports: "On this first-of-the-year spring-like day in the Netherlands, everyone must have gotten anxious to reduce their CAMS data. Already at 3 pm this afternoon, I had received all observations from the network, which now amounts to 42 cameras. Among these was one very special meteor recorded at 05:17:03 UT, March 8. This meteor was recorded by Franky Dubois (Langemark, Belgium), Steve Rau (Zillebeke, Belgium), and Klaas Jobse (Oostkapelle, the Netherlands). This meteor has the distinction to be number 20,000 for the CAMS at BeNeLux network. Congratulations!"

Foresthill coverage

Meteors detected by CAMS California on the clear night December 26 (377 coincidences, 314 good tracks). Blue are the solutions to which Foresthill contributed. The remainder of the coverage area does not have an overlapping camera yet.

2015, March 5 - Dave Samuels and Jim Wray have now uploaded all data for the new 16-camera Foresthill station up to the end of February. Weather in California continues to be clear, as it was in much of January and February.

Dec 2014

2015, March 4 - CAMS New Zealand reached 3,000 orbits at the end of February. The Geminids were well observed on December 14, but weather was not cooperative on most nights that month. A slow-moving 13.6 km/s meteor was seen on January 22 at 14:25:12 UT, starting at 83.6 km and followed all the way down to 38 km altitude. The preliminary trajectory suggests small meteorites may have fallen in the mountains over Lake Coleridge. Skies improved in February.

CAMS West Melton

CAMS New Zealand station West Melton.

February 24 fireball photographed by Dan McBride from the Kirkwood Ski Resort.

2015, February 28 - Jim Albers reports that the final moments of the slow moving fireball of 2015 Feb. 24 at 12:59:36 UT (AMS Event number 497-2015) was catured by CAMS Tehachapi (operated by Sean Spratt: camera 219). A preliminary 2-plane fit using the CAMS data and the posted image by Dan McBride puts the meteor between Delano and Hanford, about 310 km from Kirkwood. The meteor erupted in a bright flash of green light that reflected on the snow, according to McBride.

2015, February 24 - Canadian meteor astronomer Bruce A. McIntosh passed away today.

2015, February 11 - The re-entry of ESA's fifth and final Automated Transfer Vehicle over the South Pacific took much of our time the past months. Plan was to observe the reentry from NASA's DC-8 Airborne Laboratory. Jim Albers did navigational planning and Mike Koop assisted in the instrument upload. Bob Haberman was on standby as alternate. Sadly, yesterday it was decided that ATV-5 had to be re-entered immediately after undock on February 14 due to a power chain malfunction on February 3. The observing campaign is now postponed until another opportunity to enter a vehicle along a shallow path. [More]


2015, January 1 - Happy New Year from the CAMS team! Latest news is that the December 29 fireball spectrum was recorded in great detail. Peter Gural created this composite image, the meteor moving from bottom to top.

Possible Meteorite Fall Alert!

map Dec 29
Compilation of fall area predictions. All possible radar reflections (from KMUX and KDAX radars) are shown as blocked regions. Only the top left reflection was strong. Calculated fall areas from the radar reflections, courtesy M. Fries, are shown as polygons. The CAMS-derived strewn field by P. Jenniskens is the light band.

2014, December 30 - Update: Marc Fries of NASA JSC reports that two sweeps of the nearby KMUX doppler weather show fairly intense reflectivity hits 2.1 km over the calculated fall area. These reflections appear only once, about 9 minutes after the fireball, consistent with being caused by reflections off about 1 gram stones. "Past experience shows that the 1-10 gram stones are the most likely to appear on radar just because of their abundance.", says Fries. Note added by Jenniskens: "If the radar marks the 1-gram point, then the calculated fall area may need to be shifted slightly down track along the white line in the map and could be slightly more compact, as would have been the case if fragments disrupted lower in the atmosphere than assumed (lower than 40 km)." [ Radar Reflectivity Map (Courtesy NOAA/M. Fries)] [Relative to calculated fall area]

map Dec 29

Dec 29 01:43:39 UT fireball as seen in the two video cameras 174 and 171 at CAMS station Sunnyvale (Jim Albers). Click for higher resolution.

map Dec 29

Peter Jenniskens calculated this fall area of possible meteorites based on preliminary data. Stay tuned for possible updates.

track Dec 29 fireball

The trajectory of the meteoroid over the San Francisco Bay Area. Image courtesy of Jim Albers.

2014, December 29 - On Sunday evening Dec 28 at 5:43:39 p.m. PST (= Dec 29 at 01:43:39 UT), a rock from space entered Earth's atmosphere and a bright fireball was seen over the San Francisco Bay Area in California. The fireball reached a peak brightness of about a first quarter Moon. The American Meteor Society received 22 reports from eye witnesses. Initial reports suggested the meteor was in the Stockton area, but the CAMS video stations Sunnyvale (Jim Albers) and Lick Observatory (Bryant Grigsby) captured this meteor during routine observations of NASA's Cameras for Allsky Meteor Surveillance project (CAMS), which is in the process of mapping the meteor showers in the sky. According to the triangulated trajectory, a preliminary result calculated from only a small part of the collected data by the lead of the CAMS project, SETI Institute meteor astronomer Dr. Peter Jenniskens, the meteor first appeared at around 100 km altitude, impacting Earth from a steep 30 degree inclined orbit. It was moving at about 24 kilometers per second in south-eastern direction, at an angle about 32 degrees with the horizontal, when it passed at 71 km altitude over the center of San Francisco, moving in the direction of Mount Hamilton. The Lick Observatory station located at Mount Hamilton saw it come towards it, in an unusually foreshortened track. Further down in the atmosphere, the rock broke into pieces, captured by camera 171 at Sunnyvale. "It was not terribly bright and a bit on the fast side, but if anything survived, meteorites may have fallen just north of Mount Hamilton", says Jenniskens. "Prevailing winds were blowing along the track, causing meteorites to drift only slightly from the calculated path." When the fireball happened, Jenniskens was servicing the CAMS station at Mount Hamilton. He is disappointed to not have seen the fireball himself. "But what an incredible luck that meteorites may have come to me this time, perhaps raining down in the area," he says. "I hope that someone finds a piece." Look for small rocks (partially) covered in a thin black crust.

This video (courtesy: NASA/CAMS) shows the meteor as detected in the spectrographic cameras of the CAMS station Sunnyvale. Note that only a fraction of the light stays in this zero-order image, the rest goes into the spectrum. As a result, the image is less bloomed than usual. [Video avi (3.2 Mb) ]

Comet Lovejoy

2015, January 1 - Jim Albers is reporting that comet Lovejoy has just showed up in our CAMS cameras. Can you find it in this image of camera 84 of the Lick Observatory station? If not, click on the image for a search chart.

Nov 2014 meteorite falls

2014, December 9 - CAMS New Zealand captured two slow-moving fireballs in November, among a total of 467 other meteors. The one on Nov. 18 at 10:58:38 UT (13.7 km/s, 4.7s long) was headed straight into the ocean. It was first seen at 83.2 km altitude. However, the one on November 2 at 15:15:54 UT came in at 14.2 km/s and was filmed for 5.7 seconds before it moved below the camera fields. It was first seen at 86.3 km, right over the radar site and relatively high for such a slow meteor, suggesting that this was a bright event. If it was bright enough, this one could have dropped meteorites near Stag And Spey, or NE of there in the hills.

Nov 24 data

2014, November 24 - The new Foresthill station increased the yield of the CAMS network significantly. November 24 produced 430 accurate trajectories. Jim Wray's new station added components to 41 of these meteors (improving their precision), while adding 59 unique trajectories by overlapping with Sunnyvale. The result is a stunning 1-day image of shower activity. The figure above compares this year's results with the combined 4-year tally from 2010-2013. This year, the Leonids appear to have had an outburst that was still active on November 24.

Forrest Hill

2014, November 24 - Jim Wray of Foresthill, CA, reports that a low-cost version of CAMS, based on 16 cameras connected to two 8 channel grabbers on a single PC computer, is running successfully. The system uses low-cost Sony Effio cameras, which are about a magnitude less sensitive than the Watec 902H2 Ultimate cameras, but much more affordable. The system also uses the new 8-channel board single-CAMS software developed and tested by Pete Gural. Dave Samuels is working on developing the scripts to run the system autonomously. In a first manual run tonight, 904 meteor images were detected by the 16 cameras, albeit with some duplicates because of field overlaps. All cameras were calibrated against the star background.

Coverage of BeNeLux

group photo

Meet CAMS at BeNeLux - From left to right (with camera numbers): Casper ter Kuile, Robert Haas (361/362/363/364), Hans Betlem (371/372/373), Erwin van Ballegoij (347), Klaas Jobse (331/332/337/338), Piet Neels (341/342), Adriana Nicolae, Paul Roggemans (383/384), Jacques Bouw (349), Paul Lindsay (356), Franky Dubois (385), Steve Rau (386), Martin Breukers (321/322/323/324 /325/326), Steve Rau jr., Felix Bettonvil (376), Marc Neyts (346). Photo: Carl Johannink (311/312/313/314). Not present: Jean Marie Biets (381/382) and Koen Miskotte (351/352).

2014, November 12 - Carl Johannink and Martin Breukers report on a successful meeting in Heesch. The graph above shows the location of the CAMS BeNeLux stations and aiming points. The yield was 1262 meteors in October. Marc Neyts, Peter Bus, Jacques Bouw and Felix Betonvil are planning new stations.

[News archive]

SETI Institute logo Curator: Peter Jenniskens
Responsible NASA Official: Lindley Johnson (NEOO)

Last update: (see date of latest blog entry)
Hosted by: The SETI Institute